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Build self-confident children

Aug 21, 2016 05:45PM ● Published by Today's Family

By Jan Pierce

The world of drama in all its different forms is a great tool for building expressive, self-confident children.  There are lots of ways to incorporate creative drama games and activities in your own home.  And…it’s a ton of fun.

WHY DRAMA?
My grandson is a quiet child who loves nothing more than to find a quiet spot alone so he can read.  He is kind and gracious to others and quick to forgive.  This sensitive child got the lead in his small town’s production of an off-Broadway play. The role required great acting, but in addition, dancing and…singing!  I was the proudest grandma around when he belted out the biggest number of the evening like a rock star.  Later I asked him how he felt when he did that number. His simple answer was, “Confident.”  Drama can do wonders for shy children.  It can help them break through personal barriers and become brave. I saw it with my own eyes.

THE BENEFITS
Kids love to pretend.  Kids love to move their bodies.  Voila!  Drama incorporates both of these child-friendly activities.  Here are some of the benefits of introducing creative drama activities into your family’s fun times:
  • �Creative drama is a great tool for teaching content in other subject areas.  Learning about the rainforest?  Try some movement games to enhance the understanding of jungle animals. Learning about Shakespeare?  Try writing a simple play based on the story of Romeo and Juliet (And act it out).
  • Creative drama stimulates creativity and self-expression.  It encourages children to get outside their own “selves” and try something new.  It gives the opportunity to express a wide range of emotions, thoughts, ideas, that may not be part of everyday life.
  • The expression that is the heart of drama builds self-confidence and self-esteem.  It goes past nerves and self-consciousness and allows children to try something new with success.
  • �Learning to act “in character” requires focus, paying attention and engagement—all great learning tools.
  • Well-managed drama experiences offer a safe environment to try on other roles and to express feelings.  How does it feel and look to be angry?  Sad?  Afraid?
  • Drama experiences build empathy and a chance to support others in their efforts.  It is community-building.
THEATER GAMES AND ACTIVITIES
Drama teachers often use games and activities to “warm up” their budding actors and actresses.  These come in a wide variety of formats, but all of them serve to provide exposure to the art of drama.  They may ask children to convey thoughts or feelings, allow them to express an opinion, appeal to one of the five senses, can be done either verbally or non-verbally.  The games provide structure within which to explore movement, voice projection, quick thinking and reacting, focus and attention to detail and much more.  Here are some of the kinds of drama games that might work in your own home.

Mirror activities
Mirror activities are standard drama class fare.  They build awareness of body movement and facilitate working together and non-verbal communication.  There are many varieties of these games, but the basic game has children working in pairs, facing one another about two to three feet apart.  The leader makes a slow, continuous movement and the follower mirror-images the movements.  The goal is to succeed, not trick one another.  In a more difficult version of this activity there is no leader or follower, the two just act as one.  Mirror activities can be done to music as well.

Role plays
Role playing games give kids practice in “being” someone else.  There are hundreds of ways to begin—scenarios to act out, themes to guide the dialogue, choosing animate or inanimate characters, using verbal or non-verbal responses.  Here is an example of a role play game children love.  Bus Stop: one child sits at the bus stop and another joins the first.  Both have chosen secret roles and speak to one another in character.  All playing try to guess their identities.

Improvisation
In the world of drama, improvisation is a form of live theater in which plot, characters and dialogue of a scene or story are made up in the moment.  The entire activity is spontaneous.  Often the topic is suggested by an audience member and the actors take it from there.  Each performance is unique.  Improv can be a bit intimidating for those new to it, but improv games can take the fear out of the process through exposure and a “no fail” attitude.

In improvisation games for kids, the leader selects players, and they draw a topic or scenario from a basket.  There is no right or wrong, just responses.  Skills will improve with opportunities to take part in the game.  Children will become more and more comfortable with quick responses and actions.  Improv is often funny because of the surprising responses.

Pantomime
Pantomime exercises are non-verbal responses to prompts.  They make for great drama guessing games and practice in thinking creatively.  If the prompt is office work, the player must think of a way to portray that, possibly by typing on a virtual keyboard or making copies at a virtual copy machine.  If the topic is jungle, the actor might act like a monkey.
There are literally hundreds of theater and drama games. 

Try puppet theater
Sock puppets, paper puppets, wooden spoon puppets, paper bag puppets—kids love to make and use puppets to tell their stories.  Turn over a table and crouch behind it, or cut out the back of a cardboard box and you have a puppet theater. Write your own script from a favorite fairy tale, folk tale, myth or legend.  Or write a script using family members as the characters.

Retelling stories
Retelling stories is one of the best ways to increase reading comprehension.  The process of remembering the beginning, middle and end of a story, mentioning details about the characters and setting and explaining the resolution of the story are skills that ensure a good understanding of the story content.  Oral tradition stories make good retells.

Retells can be done with a bit of flair and become a form of theater.  Have your children take turns telling the same story.  See who remembers a new bit of information or who can embellish the character.  Change the ending of the story.  How would that affect the entire story line?

DRAMA IN YOUR COMMUNITY
Drama is an art form that enriches those involved with it.  Be sure to take advantage of local children’s theater offerings via schools and theater companies.  These theater companies often offer beginning theater classes for children.  They’re well worth the cost of enrollment.  Make drama and dramatic responses part of your family fun.

Jan Pierce, M.Ed. is a retired teacher and freelance writer specializing in education and family life articles.

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